Lilium is a genus of herbaceous flowering plants in the Liliaceae, a plant family numbering several hundred species.
Lilium are one of the truly great garden plants for their flower forms, diversity, extended season of bloom, graceful stature, and reliable disposition. Their bulbs can be planted in spring for bloom the same year, or in fall for bloom the flowing year. The sequence of bloom begins in early summer with the colourful Asiatics, Martagon Lilies (also called Turk’s Cap Lilies), and pure white Lilium Candium, and then continues until late summer with other species lilies and three tall, fragrant groups: Orientals, Orienpets, and Trumpets.
Flowers are borne in racemes or umbels at the tip of the stem, with six petals spreading or reflexed, to give flowers varying form funnel shape to a “Turk’s cap”. The petals are free from each other, and bear a nectary at the base of each flower.